Seabed mining is an emerging industrial activity (Economist ). It is at the margin of commercial exploitation (World Bank ). In qualifying terms, seabed mining entails operating remotely controlled technology in a sensitive environment that is difficult to monitor and inaccessible. To establish sound technical, operational and regulatory specifications for seabed mining, best practices for operating a terrestrial mining site may offer guidance such as ‘a practice that is not acceptable for a terrestrial mining site is neither acceptable for a marine mining site’.
To imagine a lively scenario, one may consider an open-pit mine in the high Arctic, for example at the Wrangle Island, as follows: – to operate at the surface in harsh environment that is difficult to monitor; – to operate a remote place that temporarily gets inaccessible; – to use new technology with high capability of autonomous operations; – to undertake human intervention only through remote control; and – to apply a recently developed regulatory framework. I wonder, whether under such circumstances mining the Wrangel Island would happen, at all. Consequently, what about mining at the seabed ?
 Economist 2018, Race to the Bottom;  World Bank 2016, Precautionary Management of Deep Sea Mining Potential in Pacific Island Countries;  Martin Bohle 2018, Responsible mining at the Wrangel Island and the Seabed